Timeline for Adolf Hitler: 1919 - 1933  
   
  Friday, September 12, 1919  
  Adolf Hitler attended his first meeting of the German Workers Party. Hitler was a corporal in the German Army and had been assigned to attend the meeting with several other soldiers dressed in civilian clothing. During the meeting Gottfried Feder gave a speech titled " How and by what means is capitalism to be eliminated?” After the speech a man rose up and spoke in favor of the German State of Bavaria breaking away from Germany. An enraged Hitler responded by speaking forcefully for fifteen minutes. One of the party founders, Anton Drexler, whispered to another party member "...he's got the gift of gab. We could use him." Drexler gave Hitler a forty page pamphlet entitled, "My Political Awakening" after the meeting.  
   
  Tuesday, September 16, 1919  
  Adolf Hitler issued his first written comment on the Jewish Question. He defined the Jews as a race and not a religious community, characterized the effect of a Jewish presence as a “race-tuberculosis of the peoples," and identified the initial goal of a German government to be discriminatory legislation against Jews. The “ultimate goal must definitely be the removal of the Jews altogether.”  
   
  Thursday, January 1, 1920  
  The DAP numeration was issued for the first time. Its membership was listed in alphabetical order. The Party counted 190 members. The DAP was the German Workers' Party (German: Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, abbreviated DAP), the short-lived predecessor of the Nazi Party. Adolph Hitler was received the number 555. In reality he had been the 55th member, but the counting started at the number 501 in order to make the party appear larger. Hitler would later be referred to as "Parteigenosse 7", because he was the 7th member of the DAP's executive committee.  
   
  Tuesday, February 24, 1920  
  The first major public meeting of the NSDAP (Nazi Party) took place in Munich. At this meeting Adolf Hitler publicly announced the Program of the Party. That program, consisting of 25 points (annually reprinted in the National Socialist Yearbook), was referred to as "The political foundation of the NSDAP and therewith the fundamental political law of the state,” and "has remained unaltered" since the date of its promulgation.  
   
  Wednesday, March 31, 1920  
  Corporal Adolf Hitler was mustered out of the military. Hitler had been operating as a spy and informant for the German Army reporting on groups from the radical right.  
   
  Sunday, August 8, 1920  
  Adolf Hitler received permission to rename the German Workers Party (DAP). The party’s news name became the National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP), to be commonly known as the Nazi Party. The name was similar to Dr. Walter Riehl's German National Socialist Workers Party (DNSAP) in Austria and contemporary of Hitler’s.  
   
  Sunday, October 10, 1920  
  Adolph Hitler gave a speech at the cinema of Gmünd. The speech denounced the Versailles Treaty and the Weimar republic.  
   
  Monday, October 11, 1920  
  Socialists prevented Adolph Hitler from giving a speech in the city of Gross Siegharts.  
   
  Monday, July 11, 1921  
  Hitler resigned from the Nazi Party. Hitler had traveled to Berlin in the summer to visit nationalist groups. During his absence the party’s executive committee led by Anton Drexler, who now considered Hitler to be overbearing, formed an alliance with a group of socialists from Augsburg. Hitler rushed back to Munich and countered them by announcing he would return only on the condition that he was made chairman and given dictatorial powers.  
   
  Friday, July 29, 1921  
  At a Nazi Party gathering Hitler was introduced as "Der Fuehrer" of the Nazi Party. The executive committee of the Nazi Party eventually backed down and Hitler's demands of July 11. After a party vote Hitler was made the unquestioned leader of the party on a vote of 543 to 1. This occasion was the first that the term "Der Fuehrer" was used in connection with Hitler.  
   
  Wednesday, September 14, 1921  
  Hitler, a substantial number of members of the Turn-und Sportabteilung, the paramilitary arm of the Nazi Party, and other Nazi party adherents disrupted a meeting in Munich at the Lowenbraukeller of the Bavarian League. One Nazi, Hermann Esser, climbed upon a chair and shouted that the Jews were to blame for the misfortunes of Bavaria, and the Nazis shouted demands that Otto Ballerstedt yield the floor to Hitler. The Nazis proceeded to beat up Ballerstedt and shoved him off the stage into the audience. Afterwards both Hitler and Esser were arrested, and Hitler commented notoriously to the police commissioner, "It's all right. We got what we wanted. Ballerstedt did not speak." The Bavarian League was federalist organization that objected to the centralism of the Weimar Constitution, but accepted its social program. Ballerstedt, an engineer whom Hitler regarded as "my most dangerous opponent" was its leader.  
   
  Friday, November 4, 1921  
  The Nazi Party held a large public meeting in the Munich Hofbräuhaus. After Hitler had spoken for some time, the meeting erupted into a melee in which fewer than fifty of the Turn-und Sportabteilung defeated more than 400 demonstrators against Hitler and the Nazi Party. Following this event the Turn-und Sportabteilung became known as Sturmabteilung (Stormtroopers) abbreviated to SA.  
   
  Wednesday, November 9, 1921  
  Adolf Hitler addressed a gathering of SA men telling them “For us there are only two possibilities: either we remain German or we come under the thumb of the Jews. This latter must not occur; even if we are small, we are a force. A well-organized group can conquer a strong enemy. If you stick close together and keep bringing in new people, we will be victorious over the Jews.”  
   
  Thursday, January 12, 1922  
  Hitler was sentenced to three months for breach of the peace for his role in the disturbance that occurred in Munich at the Lowenbraukeller where the Nazis assaulted Otto Ballerstedt of the Bavarian League on November 4, 1921. Two months of the sentence were suspended pending good behavior.  
   
  Wednesday, April 12, 1922  
  In a speech in Munich, Adolf Hitler identified with Christianity and vilified the Jews. Read the text of the speech.  
   
  Saturday, June 24, 1922  
  Hitler began serving his one month sentence at Stadelheim prison in Munich for the his role in the Lowenbraukeller incident of November 4, 1921.  
   
  Thursday, July 27, 1922  
  Hitler was released after serving a one month sentence at Stadelheim prison in Munich for the his role in the Lowenbraukeller incident.  
   
  Friday, July 28, 1922  
  In a speech in Munich, Adolf Hitler gave a speech entitled “Free State or Slavery”. Read the text of the speech.  
   
  Monday, September 18, 1922  
  Adolf Hitler spoke to a gathering of the NSDAP in the Circus Krone in Munich, which was attended by about 6,000 people. He concluded his speech with a list of 9 demands including revenge on the "November criminals of 1918,” draconian punishment of people charging high interest, and immediate extradition of all Jews who immigrated after 1914 or who got rich on the stock market. Read the text of the speech.  
   
  Sunday, March 11, 1923  
  Colonel General Johannes F. "Hans" von Seeckt, commander of the Reichsweir, met with Adolf Hitler for the first time. After the meeting he wrote: "We were one in our aim; only our paths were different".  
   
  Tuesday, April 10, 1923  
  Adolf Hitler gave a speech in Munich where he advocated the unification of all Germans in Europe and that no economic policy would be possible without force. Read the text of the speech.  
   
  Friday, April 13, 1923  
  Adolf Hitler gave a speech in Munich where he discussed that might was the determining factor on who prevailed in a dispute. Read the text of the speech.  
   
  Tuesday, April 24, 1923  
  Adolf Hitler gave a speech in Munich where he declared that the German workingman will restore the German Reich. Read the text of the speech.  
   
  Friday, April 27, 1923  
  Adolf Hitler gave a speech in Munich where he spoke on a litany of changes needed in Germany. Read the text of the speech.  
   
  Wednesday, September 26, 1923  
  Bavarian Prime Minister Eugen von Knilling declared a state of emergency and appointed Gustav von Kahr State Commissioner with dictatorial governing powers. Together with Colonel Hans Ritter von Seisser, head of the Bavarian State Police, and Reichswehr General Otto von Lossow, Kahr formed a triumvirate.  
   
  Adolph Hitler announced that starting on September 27 he would be holding 14 mass meetings. One of Kahr's first actions was to ban the meetings. Hitler and the other leaders in the Kampfbund, a league of patriotic fighting societies that include the Nazi Party, felt they had to march upon Berlin and seize power or their followers would turn to the Communists. Hitler and Ludendorff sought the support of Kahr and his triumvirate. However, Kahr had his own plan with Seisser and Lossow to install a nationalist dictatorship without Hitler.  
   
  Thursday, November 8, 1923  
  Adolf Hitler, along with a detachment of 600 SA Stormtroopers, marched on the Bürgerbräukeller, a Munich beer hall where Bavarian State Commissioner Gustav von Kahr was making a speech in front of 3,000 people and began the Beer Hall Putsch. Hitler forced the triumvirate of von Kahr and his associates into an anteroom at gunpoint and demanded they support his putsch, but Von Kahr refused. General Erich von Ludendorff joined the putsch and convinced Von Kahr and his associates to join the coup attempt.  Read more about the Beer Hall Putsch.  
   
  Friday, November 9, 1923  
  The Beer Hall Putsch came to an end as Hitler and his Nazi followers met a force of 100 soldiers under the command of State Police Senior Lt. Baron Michael von Godin who were blocking their way to the Bavarian Defense Ministry. The two groups exchanged fire. Four state police officers and 16 Nazis were killed. Hitler and Göring were both injured. A bullet killed a Nazi party leader Max Erwin von Scheubner-Richter. von Scheubner-Richter was walking arm-in-arm with Hitler when he was shot. Hitler dislocated his shoulder when von Scheubner-Richter fell. Göring was shot in the groin. The Nazis then scattered. Read more about the Beer Hall Putsch.  
   
  Sunday, November 10, 1923  
  Adolf Hitler was arrested and charged with high treason in the special People's Court for his role in the Beer Hall Putsch Some of his fellow conspirators were also arrested. The Nazi Party headquarters were raided, and its newspaper, the Völkischer Beobachter (The People's Observer), was banned. Other Nazi Party leaders manage to escape including Hermann Goering, Ernst Hanfstaengl, and Rudolf Hess.  
   
  Tuesday, February 26, 1924  
  The Beer Hall Putsch trial began before a special court in Munich in front of a five-judge panel chaired by Georg Neithardt. The nine defendants who were charged with treason were Adolf Hitler, General Erich von Ludendorff, Ernst Rohm, Heinz Pernet, Friedrich Weber, Wilhelm Frick, Hermann Kriebel, Wilhelm Bruckner, and Robert Wagner. The trial would last for twenty-four days and the proceedings of each day were reported on the front pages of every German newspaper. For the first time Hitler had an audience outside of Bavaria and he used the opportunity to denounce the Weimar Republic. Hitler was able to recover the political initiative by assuming full responsibility for the putsch. Read the text of Hitler’s opening speech.  
   
  Tuesday, April 1, 1924  
  The Beer Hall Putsch trial ended. The judges were impressed (Presiding Judge Neithardt was inclined to favoritism towards the defendants prior to the trial) and Hitler was sentenced to only five years in prison, less his time in pretrial detention, and payment of 200 gold Marks or an additional twenty days in prison. He would be eligible for parole in six months when he could have been given a life sentence. Weber, Kriebel and Pöhner were sentenced to five years’ imprisonment for high treason, less their time in pretrial detention, and payment of 200 gold Marks or an additional twenty days in prison. They would be eligible for parole after six months. Bruckner, Ruhm, Pernet, Wagner, and Frick were found guilty of abetment and sentenced to fifteen months’ imprisonment, less their time in pretrial detention, as well as a fine of 100 gold marks or an additional ten days in prison. However, they were immediately released on paroleDue to his story that he was there by accident (which he had also used in the Kapp Putsch) along with his war service and connections, General von Ludendorff was acquitted. Both Ernst Rohm and Dr. Wilhelm Frick were found guilty but released. In his closing speech, Hitler offered a prophetic call: “The man who is born to be a dictator is not compelled: he wills it.”  
   
  Hitler was taken to Landsberg Prison in Bavaria. Also admitted that day were fellow Nazis Hermann Kriebel, Emil Maurice and Hitler’s later deputy, Rudolf Hess. Hitler spent his time in prison dictating his autobiography, Mein Kampf, and working on his oratorical skills. After nine months in prison, political pressure from supporters of the Nazi Party forced his release.  
   
  Saturday, December 20, 1924  
  Adolf Hitler was released from Landsberg Prison. Hitler served only nine months of his five year sentence for his role in the Beer Hall Putsch.  
   
  Sunday, January 4, 1925  
  Adolf Hitler visited Dr. Heinrich Held, the Prime Minister of Bavaria. During the meeting Hitler agreed to respect the authority of the state and promised that the Nazis would work within the rules of the democratic constitution. The conversation convinced Held to lift the ban on the Nazi Party and its newspaper, the Völkischer Beobachter (Peoples' Observer) that had been in effect since the Beer Hall Putsch of November 9, 1923.  
   
  Friday, February 26, 1925  
  Adolf Hitler wrote a long editorial for the newly reconstituted Nazi Party newspaper Völkischer Beobachter (Peoples' Observer) called "A New Beginning."  
   
  Saturday, February 27, 1925  
  The Nazis held their first big meeting since the Beer Hall Putsch at the Buergerbraukellar, the large beer hall located in Munich from which the Beer Hall Putsch was launched. Many of the important Nazi leaders were absent from the meeting. During a two hour speech before four thousand cheering Nazis by Hitler, he made it clear that he considered himself the party’s leader. H declared that “I alone lead the movement, and no one can impose conditions on me so long as I can personally bear the responsibility …” Hitler got carried away during the speech and started spewing out the same old threats against the democratic republic, Marxists, and Jews. For this, the government of Bavaria placed on Hitler a ban on public speaking that was to last for two years. The other states in Germany soon followed suit. This was a major setback for Hitler who owed much of his success to his speech making ability. But rather than be discouraged or slowed down Hitler immediately began reorganizing the Nazi Party with the intent of making it Germany’s most powerful.  
   
  Tuesday, April 7, 1925  
  Hitler formally renounced his Austrian citizenship by letter of April 7, 1925 to the authorities of the city of Linz. The Austrians promptly accepted Hitler’s request which was made to reduce the risk of deportation from Germany.  
   
  Sunday, July 18, 1925  
  The first volume of Mein Kampf (My Struggle), Adolf Hitler's personal political testament, was published in Munich. The book was dedicated to Dietrich Eckart and the sixteen Nazi "martyrs" who died in Munich on November 9, 1918.  
   
  Monday, February 15, 1926  
  Adolf Hitler called a “leader meeting“ of the Nazi Party meeting in Bamberg, southern Germany. Hitler picked a weekday when it was difficult for the leaders of the northern Nazis to attend. Only Gregor Strasser and Joseph Goebbels were able to attend. At the meeting Hitler rejected any alliance with the Soviet Union or nationalizing German estates. Many historians view this as the time that Goebbels deserted Strasser and joined Hitler although his diaries do not bear this out.  
   
  Tuesday, October 26, 1926  
  Hitler appointed Goebbels "Gauleiter" for the Berlin section of the Nazi Party. This position was a reward for Goebbels switching allegiance from Strasser to Hitler.  
   
  Sunday, August 21, 1927  
  A march of approximately 20,000 Nazis was held along the Luitpoldhain (a parkway after Luitpold, Prince Regent of Bavaria). The march culminated with the dedication of banners, a ceremony attended by approximately 40,000 where new flags would be touched by the Blutfahne - the Blood flag was used in the attempted Nazi Beer Hall Putsch in Munich, Germany on November 9, 1923.  
   
  May 1928  
  The ban on public speaking in Bavaria for Hitler was lifted.  
   
  Summer, 1928  
  Adolph Hitler began renting the Haus Wachenfeld, the modest vacation villa next door to the Gasthof zum Türken on the Obersalzberg above Berchtesgaden. The Haus Wachenfeld was a holiday home built in 1916 by Otto Winter, a businessman from Buxtehude. Hitler rented the villa from Winter’s widow for 100 marks ($25) per month. It was here that Hitler finished writing Mein Kampf. Later, after becoming Chancellor, Hitler would buy the home with the proceeds of Mein Kampf and rebuild it into the large and lavish compound known as the Berghof.  
   
  Thursday, January 6, 1929  
  Upon the resignation of Schutzstaffel commander Erhard Heiden, Heinrich Himmler was appointed Reichsführer-SS of the Nazi Party by Adolf Hitler. Reichsführer was, at that time, simply a title for the National Commander of the SS. At this time the SS totaled 280 men, was subordinate to the SA and had two major functions: to serve as bodyguards for Hitler and other Nazi leaders and to hawk subscriptions for the Nazi party newspaper, Der Völkischer Beobachter (The Race-Nationalist Observer).  
   
  Tuesday, September 10, 1929  
  Hitler rented a luxury apartment (actually two adjoining apartments) at Prinzregentenplatz 16, on the Prinzregentenstrasse, one of the most fashionable thoroughfares in Munich. The apartment was furnished with furniture and decorations designed by Gerdy Troost, widow of architect Paul Ludwig Troost. Hitler moved into the apartment on October 1, 1929 and would buy the whole building in 1938.  
   
  Tuesday, October 1, 1929  
  Hitler moved into the luxury apartment at Prinzregentenplatz 16, on the Prinzregentenstrasse, one of the most fashionable thoroughfares in Munich that he had rented the apartment on September 10.  
   
  Sunday, December 22, 1929  
  A referendum was held in Germany to introduce a "Law against the Enslavement of the German People." The law, proposed by German nationalists, would formally renounce the Treaty of Versailles and make it a criminal offence for German officials to cooperate in the collecting of reparations. Although it was approved by 94.5% of voters, turnout was just 14.9%, while a turnout of 50% was necessary for it to pass. The referendum was very favorable to the Nazi Party which supported the referendum. Exposure in widely read newspapers gave the Nazis free publicity and party leader Adolf Hitler became a household name in Germany. In addition, campaigning with the mainstream right wing parties gave Hitler a credibility he had lacked before.  
   
  Saturday, August 30, 1930  
  Nazi Party Gauleiter of Berlin Joseph Goebbels notified Hitler of the actions taken by the Berlin commandant of the Sturmabteilung (SA) Walter Stennes and his men. The SA had refused protection for Goebbels speech at the Sportspalast, demonstrated against Goebbels, and wrecked the Gau office. Hitler immediately left the Wagner Festival at Bayreuth and flew to Berlin.  
   
  Sunday, August 31, 1930  
  Hitler talked to Berlin commandant of the Sturmabteilung (SA) and to groups of SA urging them to follow his leadership. He redefined the issue of their demands in different and simpler terms: Was the SA entirely loyal to Hitler under the Führerprinzip, or not? The SA were demanding in particular that the SA receive three ballot slots in the upcoming election, more money for the SA and more political power in the movement.  
   
  Monday, September 1, 1930  
  Hitler convened a meeting of approximately 2,000 Sturmabteilung (SA) and announced he was personally taking over as Supreme Leader of the SA and SS. The SA men cheered and were delighted that their Leader was finally giving them the recognition they felt they deserved. Hitler also had Berlin commandant of the SA Stennes read a declaration increasing SA funding. A special levy would be made on party dues to pay for the increased funding.  
   
  Sunday, October 11, 1931  
  The Harzburg Front was formed at a convention of representatives of right-wing political groups at a convention at the spa town of Bad Harzburg. The coalition consisted of the national conservative German National People's Party (DNVP) under millionaire press-baron Alfred Hugenberg with Adolf Hitler's NSDAP Nazi Party, the leadership of the Stahlhelm paramilitary veterans' association, the Agricultural League, and the Pan-German League organizations. The Harzburg Front was a short-lived attempt to present a unified opposition to the government of Reich Chancellor Heinrich Brüning.  
   
  Friday, September 18, 1931  
  Neighbors claimed to have heard Hitler's half-niece Angela Maria "Geli" Raubal shouting to Hitler from their second-floor balcony of Hitler’s apartment as he was getting into his car. Hitler shouted back: "No. For the last time, no." Raubal then shut herself away in her bedroom after Hitler reportedly left for a scheduled a rally in Nuremburg. Raubal would be found dead the next morning of an apparent suicide.  
   
  Friday, September 18, 1931  
  Angela Maria "Geli" Raubal was found dead in Hitler’s Munich apartment. The official cause of death was listed as suicide based on the fact that her door had been locked from the inside. The gun that killed her was Hitler’s Walther. Pro-Nazi police closed the case without an inquest or autopsy, while Raubal's body was quickly taken out of the country and buried in Vienna. Raubal was given a Catholic burial, even though to bury a suicide in hallowed ground was against church rules. After Raubal's death, Hitler went into a profound depression that lasted for months.  
   
  Tuesday, September 22, 1931  
  Adolf Hitler released the following statement in the Münchener Post: “It is untrue that I and my niece had a quarrel on Friday 18 September; it is untrue that I was violently opposed to my niece going to Vienna; it is untrue that my niece was engaged to someone in Vienna and I forbade it.”  
   
  Thursday, February 25, 1932  
  Adolf Hitler was granted German citizenship. Up until this time Hitler was an Austrian citizen.  
   
  Sunday, April 10, 1932  
  The second round runoff election for the office of Reich President was held. The incumbent President, Paul von Hindenburg, first elected in 1925, was re-elected to a second seven-year term of office. Hindenburg, running as an independent polled 53% of the vote. His major challengers were Adolf Hitler of the Nazi Party with 36.8% and Ernst Thälmann of the Communist Party with 10.2%.  
   
  Saturday, August 13, 1932  
  Reich President Paul von Hindenburg rejected Adolf Hitler’s demand to be made Chancellor. Hitler had refused to take any other post in the cabinet of Franz von Papen. As there was no majority in the Reichstag for any government the Reichstag would be dissolved and new elections held.  
   
  Friday, November 4, 1932  
  German Reich Chancellor Franz von Papen addressed an open letter to Nazi leader Adolf Hitler: "It is the exclusiveness of your Movement, your demand for everything or nothing, which the Reich President could not recognize and which led to his decision of 13 August. What is at stake today is this: The question is not whether this or that party leader occupies the Chancellor's chair, whether his name is Brüning, Hitler, or Von Papen, but rather that we meet on common ground so that the vital interests of the German people can be assured." Hitler had been refusing to attempt to form a government on President Paul von Hindenburg’s terms. The President had refused to grant presidential powers to a party leader.  
   
  Sunday, November 6, 1932  
  Federal elections were held in Germany. They results saw a significant drop for the Nazi Party and increases for the Communists and the national conservative German National People's Party. The results were a great disappointment for the Nazis, who once more emerged as the largest party with 33% of the vote but not enough to form a government coalition in the Reichstag parliament.  
   
  Thursday, November 17, 1932  
  Reich Chancellor Franz von Papen resigned submitted his resignation to Reich President Paul von Hindenburg. The resignation was accepted pending the appointment of a successor. von Papen had been trying to form a coalition government with Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party but deemed Hitler's demands unacceptable.  
   
  Wednesday, November 23, 1932  
  Reich President Paul von Hindenburg again rejected Nazi leader Adolf Hitler's demand for the German Chancellorship. Hindenburg reasoned that the powers Hitler insisted on would transform the Chancellorship into a dictatorship.  
   
  Wednesday, January 4, 1933  
  Hitler and von Papen met at the house of banker Kurt von Schroeder. Hitler and von Papen agreed that von Papen would support Hitler as Reich Chancellor with von Papen as vice chancellor. Papen, whose fellow non-Nazi nationalists received a majority of the ministerial posts, naively thought he could restrain the Nazis.  
   
  Monday, January 30, 1933  
  Hitler was appointed Reich Chancellor by Hindenburg.  
   
  Wednesday, February 1, 1933  
  Adolf Hitler made his first speech as Reich Chancellor of Germany. Addressing the Reichstag He declared that "Within four years, the German farmer must be raised from destitution. Within four years, unemployment must be completely overcome." The speech was also broadcast nationwide on the radio. Read the text of the speech.  
   
  Friday, February 10, 1933  
  Adolf Hitler made his first public speech since becoming Reich Chancellor at the Sportspalast in Berlin before a crowd of tens of thousands who packed the facility. Dr. Josef Goebbels opened the evening's program with a speech of his own with a heavy anti-Communist slant. Hitler followed with a speech that promised that Germany will no longer be divided, no longer have class struggle - but will be one Germany with one people. He also promises a victory over Marxism.  
   
  Thursday, March 23, 1933  
  The Reichstag met in the Kroll Opera House in Berlin to consider passing Hitler's Enabling Act. On the day of the vote, storm troopers lined the hallways of the house where the vote would take place to intimidate anyone who might vote against Chancellor Adolf Hitler's measure and "Full powers, or else! We want the bill, or fire and murder!" Prior to the vote Hitler gave a lengthy speech. After the speech the Reichstag voted and Hitler secured the votes needed to pass the measure. Deputies from the Nazi Party, the German National People's Party, and the Centre Party voted in favor of the act, 441 for, only 84, the Social Democrats, against. Upon passage of the law, the Nazis leapt to their feet clapping, stamping, shouting, and broke into the Nazi anthem, the Hörst Wessel song. German President Paul von Hindenburg signed the bill the same day. The Enabling Law gave the new government dictatorial powers until April 1, 1937 and marked the beginning of constitutional, administrative, judicial, political, racial, religious, economic, and military reforms across Germany. Read the text of Hitler’s speech.  
     
   
     
   
 

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